With the advancement of the World Technologies the needs of human has also gone high. Life, nowadays has become so fast and luxurious that we can not imagine it without the sophisticated electrical and electronic items. All these human luxuries, has made the world behind it that is, the reason that has caused all the luxury to home has became highly pressurized. The electrical needs to human has gone high tremendously in last few decades that has forced technology to find more and more alternates to generate electricity so as to fulfill human growing needs.
The old tradition ways of generating electricity is falling behind as compared to the increasing demands of human beings. The old methods of thermal and hydro power plant establishment is now proving to be insufficient and newer methods like nuclear, wind , ocean thermal etc are gaining more attention.
Looking to the other prospect of the today’s world, The consumption habits of modern consumer lifestyles are causing a huge worldwide waste problem. Having overfilled local landfill capacities, many first world nations are now exporting their refuse to third world countries. This is having a devastating impact on ecosystems and cultures throughout the world. Some alternative energy companies are developing new ways to recycle waste by generating electricity from landfill waste and pollution.
So the best way what the scientist across the globe has done it to find a way through which they can generate electricity by burning these waste coming from the cities surrounding the plant of generation.
As per Forbes magazine survey the level of waste production in India is given here:-
MSW generated per day—110
Solid waste per person per day— 0.34 kg
MSW generated per day—276
Solid waste per person per day— 0.7 kg
So, it has become now a vital need to use the same concept to manage the waste so as to produce electricity and resulting it as the best way of waste management.
In India , New Delhi has become the first city to start this, it’s The Waste–to–Power plant being set up by Timarpur-Okhla Municipal Solid Waste Management Company Pvt. Ltd (TOWMCL) in Okhla, New Delhi. The plant which will be set up with an investment of Rs. 200 crore will generate 16MW of power from waste by using one third of the daily municipal solid waste produced by New Delhi. It has proved to be the best way to produce power also more over the best way to manage 7000 tonnes of waste daily. We need to install more and more such plants so as to manage the heavy waste that comes out everyday.
But the fact is that India still lags far behind in adopting this concept as other countries has adopted it many years before only. Sweden for example is based on this type of electricity generation to this extent that it now imports garbage from near countries like Norway.
In recent development in this field, The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) which is the nodal ministry in charge of promoting WTE(waste to energy) projects has formulated a programme on energy recovery from municipal solid waste and has set up one pilot project each in the cities of Bengaluru, Hyderabad, and Pune, and two in New Delhi.