The majority of the world’s youth live in developing countries and the development
constraints pose additional challenges to them owing to their limited access to resources,
education and training, health care, employment and broader socio-economic development
In addressing these issues, the adopted Programme of Action at the ICPD in 1994 (Cairo),
recognized that despite recent declines in birth rates in many countries, further large
increases in population size are inevitable. It projected that for many countries, owing to
the youthful age structure; there will be a substantial population increases in absolute
numbers regardless of population movements within and between countries. So, how does
a young person find their way to a better life? It’s not easy. Not easy. Most of the young
people are moving from their rural areas to urban areas in search for a better life. They
are separated from their grandparents and other prominent individuals, who previously
played a special role in the traditional education and their socialization.
While families are still the strongest influence on adolescent behavior and choices,
parents are often uneasy to discuss teenage sexuality, and are uncertain about what
sort of information to provide, and it`s definite that they need information on how to
communicate issues on sexuality. In the absence of traditional education to bridge this
gap, the consequences of these changes are often negative, especially for the youths who
are poor and out of school. To have an opportunity for a job is tough in most countries.
Very very tough indeed!!! Only after you win the minds of the corruptible managers to some
extent!!. International Labor Organization (ILO) projected that at the rate of current
population increase; more than 700 million young people will enter the labor force in
developing countries by 2013. It further projected that more than 1 billion jobs will be
needed to accommodate these new workers and reduce unemployment, a challenge that
cannot be met without continued progress in lowering birthrates and expanding education
programmes for young people.
Youths have their own priority Sexual Health and Reproductive needs and require to be
educated about immediate and longer-term effects of their behavioral choices. It is through
recognition and respect of their sexual rights that they can realize their full potential to
make informed age-appropriate decisions. In case of young women, the development
of more positive attitudes towards them will remove many of the barriers to better
reproductive health. All this can help accelerate lowering of birthrates.
Better communication about sexuality, about gender relations, and about the avoidance
of unwanted pregnancy and STDs is essential to improving young people’s life. Issues of
HIV and AIDS are in spare. With puberty occurring earlier and average marriage age rising,
young people today face a longer period of time during which they are sexually mature and,
perhaps, sexually active. With lack of proper information on sexuality, they contract HIV
and STI that then ruins their lives. As a result, they feel they are doomed and then end up
doing risky behaviors like indulging in petty crimes and joining bad groups that continue
putting their lives at risks.
It’s time for young people to put together their capabilities, abilities, skills and knowledge
to help scale-up activities aimed at advocating and lobbying for sexual rights. A better
life in future will depend on the choices we make today though most of these choices are
trashed by our elders of today.