The majority of the world’s youth live in developing countries and the development

constraints pose additional challenges to them owing to their limited access to resources,

education and training, health care, employment and broader socio-economic development


In addressing these issues, the adopted Programme of Action at the ICPD in 1994 (Cairo),

recognized that despite recent declines in birth rates in many countries, further large

increases in population size are inevitable. It projected that for many countries, owing to

the youthful age structure; there will be a substantial population increases in absolute

numbers regardless of population movements within and between countries. So, how does

a young person find their way to a better life? It’s not easy. Not easy. Most of the young

people are moving from their rural areas to urban areas in search for a better life. They

are separated from their grandparents and other prominent individuals, who previously

played a special role in the traditional education and their socialization.

While families are still the strongest influence on adolescent behavior and choices,

parents are often uneasy to discuss teenage sexuality, and are uncertain about what

sort of information to provide, and it`s definite that they need information on how to

communicate issues on sexuality. In the absence of traditional education to bridge this

gap, the consequences of these changes are often negative, especially for the youths who

are poor and out of school. To have an opportunity for a job is tough in most countries.

Very very tough indeed!!! Only after you win the minds of the corruptible managers to some

extent!!. International Labor Organization (ILO) projected that at the rate of current

population increase; more than 700 million young people will enter the labor force in

developing countries by 2013. It further projected that more than 1 billion jobs will be

needed to accommodate these new workers and reduce unemployment, a challenge that

cannot be met without continued progress in lowering birthrates and expanding education

programmes for young people.

Youths have their own priority Sexual Health and Reproductive needs and require to be

educated about immediate and longer-term effects of their behavioral choices. It is through

recognition and respect of their sexual rights that they can realize their full potential to

make informed age-appropriate decisions. In case of young women, the development

of more positive attitudes towards them will remove many of the barriers to better

reproductive health. All this can help accelerate lowering of birthrates.

Better communication about sexuality, about gender relations, and about the avoidance

of unwanted pregnancy and STDs is essential to improving young people’s life. Issues of

HIV and AIDS are in spare. With puberty occurring earlier and average marriage age rising,

young people today face a longer period of time during which they are sexually mature and,

perhaps, sexually active. With lack of proper information on sexuality, they contract HIV

and STI that then ruins their lives. As a result, they feel they are doomed and then end up

doing risky behaviors like indulging in petty crimes and joining bad groups that continue

putting their lives at risks.

It’s time for young people to put together their capabilities, abilities, skills and knowledge

to help scale-up activities aimed at advocating and lobbying for sexual rights. A better

life in future will depend on the choices we make today though most of these choices are

trashed by our elders of today.