The Ways We Waste: The Long Road to Sustainable Waste Management
Over the course of the 20th century, the India saw an economic boom. The middle class flourished, businesses prospered, and a whole slew of industries were created to satisfy the new demand for consumer goods. But the rising tide of the consumer market brought with it a staggering increase in the amount of trash pouring into the nation’s landfills.
The Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organization (CPHEEO) has estimated that waste generation in India could be as much as 1.3 pounds per person per day. That figure is relatively low, compared to the 4.6 pounds of waste generated per person per day in the U.S. However, as of July 2009, the U.S. population was close to 307 million, whereas India’s population was nearly four times greater, at 1.2 billion.
These statistics mean that India could be generating as much as 27 million more tons of waste than the U.S. per year, although it has only one-third the land space when it comes to finding suitable locations for final disposal.
India’s rapid population growth only magnifies the problem. The urban population has grown at a rate of more than 20 percent each year since 1980 and is projected to reach a rate of more than 30 percent by 2015.
A City’s Seven Responsibilities
In India, each municipality is responsible for organizing its own waste management in the following areas:
- Waste segregation and storage at the source
- Primary collection
- Street sweeping
- Secondary waste storage
- Transport of waste
- Treatment and recycling options for solid waste
- Final disposal
Unfortunately, each of these seven stages is fought with difficulties, and city services and citizen cooperation can be, overall, inefficient.Currently, there is no official system for the widespread collection of recyclables, and the tasks of collecting, transporting and disposing of waste are done under very unsanitary conditions. These problems have been created in part by low budgets and a lack of technology and manpower.
Pradhan Mantri Swachh Bharat Abhiyan:-
Our Hon. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi launched the program that was set up to fulfil the dream of mahatma himself. Gandhiji always had a dream to see garbage and dust free India, he always described this by the very famous English saying “Cleanliness is next to Godliness”. Keeping the same in mind Government of India started the famous Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. With the target of making India garbage free by 2019.
A huge capital was released for the success of this project which initiated from 20lac rupees to each Gram Panchayat, To crores of rupees to the Municipal Corporation level.
P.M Narendra Modi during inaugurating this event himself cleaned the road by picking up the broom in his hand.
He also requested nine celebrities coming from various fields who are role model of many to join this gentle cause. Among the nine few famous names include Salman Khan, Kamal Hasan, Priyanka Chopra, Ramdev Baba, Sachin Tendulkar, Governor of Goa and Shashi Tharoor.
How Much Government is Responsible to clean our locality and what is Our Role in this Mission?
“The Britishers, whatever their faults, had one cardinal virtue. They maintained cleanliness and compelled observance of all laws. I have learnt the laws of cleanliness from Englishmen.”~Mahatma Gandhi.
The question for the success of this mission does not only depends how the government works on this but depends on how we act towards it, the government comprises of only hand full of people. But we are the Mass, we make the country we make our future, its very much obvious that no one wants to live in dirt, my the common thinking of human is confined to oneself only, I m clean, that’s it. Clean the house and through the garbage on the road or dump it anywhere. Don’t you think we shall look this attitude of ours in other context, don’t you all think that the garbage thrown in open can give birth to any disease which can indirect affect us as well, don’t you all think that this attitude of ours will put a bad image in front of our kids and young ones as the learn from what we do.
Why to wait for government for everything, why to wait for government to come forward for this which is our responsibility and does not require any huge financial support for cleaning our own house and locality.
I believe that we don’t require anyone to door to our door to make us aware of the cleanliness and its effect on society development. We all can do, we all can be clean, we all can keep our house, our locality and our India Clean.